The peripheral nervous system sends information from the central nervous system to the rest of the body. Peripheral neuropathy is a condition where the nerves of the peripheral nervous system are affected due to traumatic injury, infections, metabolic issues, or disease such as diabetes. It often causes weakness, numbness, pain, and tingling in the hands or feet. Neuropathy is a chronic condition that should only be diagnosed by a doctor.
The nervous system is comprised of nerves that have specific functions: sensory nerves respond to sensations of touch, motor nerves control muscle movement, and autonomic nerves control functions for the heart, digestion, and bladder. Symptoms of neuropathy will depend on the type of nerves being affected. The signs and symptoms of neuropathy may include:
Neuropathy responds well to treatment focused on relieving symptoms and managing the condition causing the onset of the neuropathy. For instance, if exposure to toxins or alcohol is causing the condition, avoiding these substances should help with improvement. Other options that can be used for treatment include over-the-counter pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications can relieve the mild symptoms of neuropathy. More severe symptoms may need to be treated with a prescription medication from the doctor. Anti-seizure drugs, capsaicin cream, and antidepressants may also be prescribed. Therapies such as Neurogenix have also been shown to help ease the signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.